Researchers: Music Lessons Do Not Make Children Smarter
They were afterwards tested for improvements in cognition, vocabulary, mathematics and spatial awareness, with guitars no significant differences between the two groups. In a second test Mr Mehr recruited 45 children, again aged four, with half given music lessons and half given no training. The study found that 80 per cent of adults believe that learning a musical instrument has a so called ‘Mozart effect’ and will improve their children’s intelligence Again there was no sign that the musical training had made any difference. Mr Mehr said: There were slight differences in performance between the groups, but none were large enough to http://www.zzounds.com/edu–musictheory be statistically significant.
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While dozens of studies have been conducted to see whether musical training can make children smarter, Mehr says the results have been mixed. He says only one study, published several years ago in the journal Nature, seemed to show a slight 2.7 percent increase in IQ, or intellectual quotient, scores among students after one year of lessons. But Mehr, who says IQ is not a good measure of a childs intelligence, says researchers decided to compare how well children in the musical training group fared on mental processing tasks compared to those who received no music lessons. There was no evidence that the musical training group significantly outperformed the other group on mental tasks. To confirm the results, researchers conducted a second study with a larger group of youngsters and their parents, and found no cognitive advantage to music lessons. While lessons more may not offer children a shortcut to prestigious academic institutions, Mehr says they are of significant cultural importance. We teach music because music is important to us. And I think to make an analogy to another area, we dont teach Shakespeare so that our kids will be better at physics. We teach Shakespeare because it matters, because its important. And I dont think music needs to be any different than that. An article looking at the benefits of musical training in children is published in the journal PLOS ONE.
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